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GPS Service Overview

The GPS service is an integral component of the Amiga's navigation system, utilizing a high-precision Ublox module to determine the robot's exact position on Earth. This service is indispensable for tasks that require geo-location, from simple navigation to complex tasks like field mapping or precision agriculture.

The primary role of the GPS service is to continuously capture and broadcast detailed positional data, which other components and services within the Amiga's system can utilize. It simplifies the intricacies of satellite-based positioning, offering users straightforward access to precise, real-time location data.

In short, the GPS service continuously decodes and transmits location data, allowing users and systems to tap into accurate geospatial information without dealing with the complexities of GPS data interpretation.

Standalone Operation

Unlike other services, the GPS service operates independently and is not a client of any other services. Its sole responsibility is to interpret and publish the data received from the GPS module.

Message Types

Clients can subscribe to the GPS service to receive messages, which are typically of type pvt or relposned. These messages contain rich data sets that include the robot's current geospatial coordinates, velocity, time, and other relevant GPS data.

INFO

There are two types of GPS messages: PVT and RELPOSNED.

PVT (Position, Velocity, and Time) messages provide the all-in-one solution: position, velocity, and time. It contains details like longitude, latitude, altitude, speed, and UTC time.

RELPOSNED (Relative Positioning) messages provide relative position information in a North, East, Down (N-E-D) frame. It's mainly used for applications requiring relative positioning between two receivers, often as a part of Real Time Kinematics (RTK) solutions. It shows the difference in position between a "moving" receiver and a "fixed" reference receiver.

Data Streams

Requirements

For the GPS service to function optimally, certain conditions must be met:

  • The robot must be connected to an RTK base station.
  • To connect to an RTK base station, users need to input credentials using our GPS app. The required credentials include:
    • NTRIP ID: The server address of the base station.
    • NTRIP PORT: The port used by the NTRIP server.
    • NTRIP MOUNTPOINT: Specific mount point on the NTRIP server.
    • USER: Username for accessing the base station.
    • PASSWORD: Corresponding password for the above username.
  • The robot must have an active Wi-Fi connection, ensuring real-time data communication.
    • NOTE: The robot needs to be connected to Wi-Fi for relposned messages. However, an internet connection is not required for pvt messages.
NTRIP (Network Transport of RTCM via Internet Protocol)

NTRIP is a protocol for streaming differential GPS (DGPS) data over the internet, enabling RTK corrections in areas with cellular coverage. Connecting to an NTRIP service enhances the GPS accuracy, crucial for tasks requiring precision navigation.

Pro Tip for California Users

If you're operating in California, consider signing up for a free CRTN (California Real Time Network) account. Managed by UC San Diego, CRTN provides access to multiple base stations across the state, offering enhanced GPS accuracy. Other states or regions may have similar services available. Always check local resources for the best positioning support in your area.

Utilizing GPS Data

The GPS data, while technical, is immensely valuable. With high-precision location information, users can:

  1. Enhance Navigation: Use the precise geospatial data in navigation tasks, allowing the Amiga to traverse pre-defined routes with minimal deviation.

  2. Inform Decision-Making: Analyze the GPS data to make informed decisions about resource allocation, route optimization, and task planning.

  3. Improve Operational Efficiency: Leverage the accuracy of real-time GPS data to enhance the reliability and efficiency of automated tasks, reducing the need for human intervention and potential for error.